Albert Boutwell

from Martin Luther King, Jr – Letter From Birmingham Jail on Rap Genius

Meaning

Albert Burton Boutwell was the 19th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama. A Democrat, Boutwell served Governor John Malcolm Patterson of the same political party, from 1959-1963.

Considered a moderate by citizens of Birmingham during the Civil Rights Movement, Boutwell’s election in 1963 as mayor was seen by many as a rejection of Eugene “Bull” Connor’s policies on the former City Commission. He was elected just before the mass demonstrations of the “Birmingham Campaign” led by Martin Luther King, Jr. and Fred Shuttlesworth.

He took office shortly after those demonstrations were met with violence at the hands of police dogs and fire hoses deployed by the lame duck Connor. He was in office a few months before the forced integration of Birmingham schools by the National Guard and the bombing of 16th Street Baptist Church, which killed four young girls.

The four young girls killed in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing

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