The Supreme Court's decision of 1954 outlawing segregation in the public schools,

from Martin Luther King, Jr – Letter From Birmingham Jail on Rap Genius


The “Supreme Court’s decision of 1954” is a reference to Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954). Brown is a landmark ruling of the United States Supreme Court which overturned Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). Brown made clear that the establishment of separate public schools for black and white students was inherently unequal.

The Warren Court handed down a (9-0) decision that made racial segregation a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. This legal victory, spearheaded by the NAACP, paved the way for the civil rights movements of the 1950s and 60s.

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