Direct action.

from Martin Luther King, Jr – Letter From Birmingham Jail on Rap Genius

Meaning

Direct action is a form of political activism which seeks to remedy social, political or economic ills. It is often immediate and confrontational. Direct action can include such activities as strikes, workplace occupations, sit-ins, revolutionary/guerrilla warfare, demonstrations, etc. Direct actions are sometimes a form of civil disobedience and can include illegal activities.

An example of direct action: Joseph A. McNeil and Franklin E. McCain are joined by William Smith and Clarence Henderson at the Woolworth lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina during the Greensboro sit-ins which were a series of nonviolent protests in 1960 which led to the Woolworth’s department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States.

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