Genesis 1:1: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
א בְּרֵאשִׁית, בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים, אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם, וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ
(The Hebrew language is read from right to left)
The Hebrew word Elohim, translated here as “God,” is particularly interesting because it’s potentially a plural form; Christian scholars have often followed the example of the medieval theologian Peter Lombard in interpreting this as a foreshadowing of the doctrine of the Trinity, the God who is three persons in one.
While Jewish scholars do not share this belief, they also see more than a singular God as involved; the Torah, the word of God which is essentially the Christian Old Testament, is seen as having been created before the universe, and subsequently used as a blueprint or means for the creation of the latter.
Other suggestions include the use of a royal “we”, the use of Hebrew plurals to indicate greatness in addition to number, and as God speaking to angelic audience.
Secular critics suggest that the use of plurals are remnants of a polytheistic religion. This would fit the pattern of what we know outside the Bible, where early beliefs were always polytheistic.
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