And upside down in air were towers

from T.S. Eliot – The Waste Land on Rap Genius


This imagery possesses several characteristics similar to the visual phenomenon known as fata morgana, a rare, though well documented, category of mirage in which the visual phenomena are perceived as appearing upside down, in the air.

This phenomenon was documented by Walter Charleton in his 1654 treatise Physiologia Epicuro-Gassendo-Charltoniana Charleton devotes several pages to the description of the famous Morgana of Rhegium, in the Strait of Messina.

He notes that a similar phenomenon was reported in Africa by Diodorus Siculus a Greek historian writing in the 1st century B.C.

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