The ides of March are come.
“…And I’m still standing!” The ides of March are the 15th of March, the date the soothsayer had told Caesar to “beware.” Being cocky, the way emperors are, he has ignored her — and in a final gesture of hubris, he mentions the date to her as if to say, “You were wrong.”
The Romans' calendar was based on defined dates from which they counted days backwards/onwards, based on the moon phase:
Kalendae: First of the month, when the first slice of the new moon appeared in the sky.
Nonae: The moon was at half its circle.
Ides: Fixed on the 15th day of a 31-day month, or on the 13th of every other month. At the time, only four months — Martius, Maius, Quintilis (Julius), and October — had 31 days.
They then counted using the formula “ante diem” or “post diem.” For example: ante diem tertium idus Martias, translated: “The third day before the Ides of March.“ The Romans counted inclusively, so they count 13, 14, 15 to get three days.
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