By the too obtrusive fate that herded its inhabitants along a short-cut from nothing to nothing.

from F. Scott Fitzgerald – The Great Gatsby (Chapter VI) on Rap Genius

Meaning

The Shortcut from Nothing to Nothing
Daisy sees the American Dream as a hopeless endeavor. In her opinion, even if a person can rise from “nothing” (poverty), without a title, he or she still has “nothing.” There is no rags to riches story because without argument, no one from the lower class can work their way into creating a history, nobility, and a true name for himself.
A person can work for this:

But to be truly accepted, one must be born into this:

This “obtrusive fate” forced upon those in the lower class is maintained by people who are part of the exclusive club that is old wealth. They do not accept new members, regardless of economic standing.

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